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Dessert apple

Malus domestica Borkh.

Triploid. A chance seedling found on the farm of John Ball, Wilmington, Massachusetts, U.S.A. in about 1740. Introduced by Colonel Baldwin in about 1780. Fruits are coarse textured and juicy but lack flavour. It was once an important commercial variety in the U.S.A.

American Baldwin, Baldwin Rosenapfel, Baldwin's Apfel, Baldwin's Roter Pepping, Baldwin's rother Pepping, Baldwin's Rother Pippin, Beldvin, Butter's, Butter's Woodpecker, Butters, Butters' Red Baldwin, Calville Butter, Calville Buttner, Felch, Late Baldwin, Pecker, Pepin Rouge de Baldwin, Peppin rouge de Baldwin, Red Baldwin, Red Baldwin Pippin, Red Baldwin's Pippin, Stecle's Red Winter, Steele's Red Winter, Woodpecker
Material available from the National Fruit Collection.
Material held in Tidnor Wood National Collection® of Malus (Cider making)
Double-Red Baldwin
Truncate conical 2
medium-large 2
63.00mm 2
76.50mm 2
Ground Colour
Yellow 2
Over Colour
Orange 2
Over Colour (Pattern)
striped 2
coarse 2
Flesh Colour
Yellowish 2

Accession No.
1921 - 086


Accession name
Flowering time  ›››
7th May10% flowering
11th MayFull (80%) flowering
17th May90% petal fall
Picking time
Mid October 1

1. NFC fruit (undated) Unpublished characterisation by staff at NFC, Brogdale.
2. Smith, M. (1971) National Apple Register