Blenheim Orange

Culinary / Dessert apple

Malus domestica Borkh.

Triploid. Discovered by Mr Kempster at Woodstock near Blenheim, Oxfordshire, England in about 1740. Distributed in about 1818. It received the Banksian medal from the Royal Horticultural Society in 1822. Fruits have creamy white, somewhat coarse-textured and rather dry flesh with a rich, characteristic aromatic flavour. Cooks well.

Synonyms:
Beauty of Dumbleton, Belle d'Angers, Bleinheim Pepping, Bleinheim Pippin, Blenhaimska zlatna reneta, Blenheim, Blenheim Orange Pippin, Blenheim Pepping, Blenheim Pippin, Blenheimer Goldrenette, Blenheimer Reinette, Blenheimi renet, Blenheims Guldrenett, Blenheimska, Blenheimsk√° reneta, Blenheimsk√° reneta, Gold reinePippin, Gold-Reinette von Blenheim, Konigin Victoria, Lucius Apfel, Northampton, Northwich Pippin, Northwick Pippin, Northwitch Blenheim, Orange Pippin, Perle d'Angleterre, Pomme de Blenheim, Postrophe, Prince de Galles, Prince of Wales, Reinette d'Or de Blenheim, Reinette de Blenheim, Reinette de Savalle, Reinette doree de Blenheim, Reinette Gold von Blenheim, Renet auriu de Blenheim, Renet Blengeimskii, Renet Blengheimskii, Renet de Blenheim, Renet Zolotoi Blengeimskii, Renet zolotoi blengheimskii, Reneta Blenheimska, Renetta dorata di Blenheim, Ward's Pippin, Woodstock, Woodstock Pippin, Woodstock's Pippin, Zlota reneta Blenheimska

Availability
Material available from the National Fruit Collection.
Material held in the Marcher Apple Network collections (Paramor)
Material held in the Marcher Apple Network collections (Tredomen)
Material held in the Marcher Apple Network collections (Croft Pendarren)
Material held in the Marcher Apple Network collections (Donnington)
Material held in the Marcher Apple Network collections (Ffordd-fawr)

Mother to:
Oxford Yeoman
George Carpenter
Oxford Conquest
Beauty of Hants
Howgate Wonder
Annie Elizabeth
Edward VII
Eynsham Challenger
Eynsham Dumpling
Sergeant Peggy
Robert Blatchford

Father to:
Celt
Victory (Carpenter)
Newton Wonder

Sports:
Aldenham Blenheim
Red Blenheim (Wastie)

Accession No.
1973 - 133   fingerprint   check_circle

Accession name
Blenheim Orange (LA 62A)

Flowering time
6th May 10% flowering
12th May Full (80%) flowering
19th May 90% petal fall

Picking time
Late September 1

Size
large 1

Type
Culinary / Dessert 1

Shape
Flat globose 1

Ribbing
weak 1

Ground Colour
Yellow 1

Over Colour
Red 1

Over Colour (Pattern)
striped/solid flush 1

Crunch
crisp 1

Flesh Colour
Yellowish 1

Accession No.
2000 - 022   fingerprint   check_circle

Accession name
Blenheim Orange (Wisley)


References:
1. NFC fruit (undated) Unpublished characterisation by staff at NFC, Brogdale.
2. Smith, M. (1971) National Apple Register