Malus domestica Borkh.
Triploid. A chance seedling found on the farm of John Ball, Wilmington, Massachusetts, U.S.A. in about 1740. Introduced by Colonel Baldwin in about 1780. Fruits are coarse textured and juicy but lack flavour. It was once an important commercial variety in the U.S.A.
American Baldwin, Baldwin Rosenapfel, Baldwin's Apfel, Baldwin's Roter Pepping, Baldwin's rother Pepping, Baldwin's Rother Pippin, Beldvin, Butter's, Butter's Woodpecker, Butters, Butters' Red Baldwin, Calville Butter, Calville Buttner, Felch, Late Baldwin, Pecker, Pepin Rouge de Baldwin, Peppin rouge de Baldwin, Red Baldwin, Red Baldwin Pippin, Red Baldwin's Pippin, Stecle's Red Winter, Steele's Red Winter, Woodpecker
Material available from the National Fruit Collection.
Material held in Tidnor Wood National Collection® of Malus (Cider making)
Truncate conical 2
63.00 mm 2
76.50 mm 2
Over Colour (Pattern)
7th May 10% flowering
11th May Full (80%) flowering
17th May 90% petal fall
Mid October 1
1. NFC fruit (undated) Unpublished characterisation by staff at NFC, Brogdale.
2. Smith, M. (1971) National Apple Register