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Culinary apple

Malus domestica Borkh.

Originated in England and known in the 1600s. A distinctly angular and somewhat ugly apple. Fruits are coarse-textured and rather dry with a subacid flavour.

Apfelmuser, Cat-Head, Cat-head Greening, Cat's Head, Cat's Head Apple, Cathead, Cathead Greening, Catshead Greening, Catshead Round, Coustard, Crede's Grosser Wilhelm's Apfel, de Seigneur d'Automne, Deutsche SchaPsnase, Duke of York, Engelskopf, Green Codlin, Green Costard, Green Leadington, Grenadier, Gros-Nez de Mouton, Grosse gestreifte Schafsnase, Grosse Schafnase, Grosse Schafsnase, Grosse-Schafnas, Grosse-Schafnase, Grosser Schafsnase, Herefordshire Goose, Herrenapfel, Katzenkopf, Leadington, Leadington Green, Leadington Monstrous, Leichter Mat Apfel, Loggerhead, Monstrous, Monstrous Leadington, Pigs Snout, Pomme de Seigneur d'Automne, Rosskopf, Round Catshead, Royal Costard, Schafnase, Schafsnase, Stock Leadington, Stoke Leadington, Tankard, Terwin's Goliath, Tete d'Ange, Tete de Chat, Tete de Chat Ronde, Tete de Seigneur, Tete du Chat, Tete du Chat (of Jersey)
Material available from the National Fruit Collection.
Material held in Tidnor Wood National Collection® of Malus (Cider making)
Mother to:
Peasgood's Nonsuch
Lord Derby
Lord Derby Spur Type

Accession No.
1927 - 027


Accession name
Flowering time  ›››
6th May10% flowering
11th MayFull (80%) flowering
19th May90% petal fall
Picking time
Early October 1
large-very large 1
Globose conical 1
85.47 mm 1
86.12 mm 1
strong 1
medium-strong 1
Ground Colour
Green yellow 1
Over Colour
Orange 1
Over Colour Amount
very low 1
Over Colour Pattern
washed out 1
low 1
Strong 1
crisp 1
Flesh Colour
White 1

1. NFC fruit (undated) Unpublished characterisation by staff at NFC, Brogdale.
2. Smith, M. (1971) National Apple Register